Women’s Labor and Employment in Turkey:
Problem Areas and Policy Suggestions II*
Editorial : KEİG Platform
First Edition : May 2013
During the four year period following the publication of the first report on women’s work and employment in 2009, we have observed a transformation caused by crises and the design and consequential effects of the policies aiming to increase women’s employment in general that have tended to increase the association of women’s employment with flexible and low-quality work without job security, and the reinforcement of the separation between women’s jobs and men’s jobs.
As women, we consider the conditions and quality of employment increases for women, and the long-term consequences of the trend, as of more crucial importance than the short-term targets mentioned. That is the reason why we believe we are in a crucial stage, which requires our diligent monitoring and questioning of employment policies in terms of their potential for creating positive transformation.
An increase in women’s employment has coincided with a parallel increase in women’s share of low-quality employment, a bigger representation in insecure jobs, and the general soaring of flexible and informal working. Women have participated in the labour market in bigger numbers due to decreasing household income; while their domestic labour burden has, let alone being lightened, become even heavier under the pressure of rising poverty rates. The family-centred character of the policies on women, which was supposed to prioritize the equality of women and men, has been a general declaration of the political reluctance for struggling with the primary problem complicating women’s employment.
In order to present the general outlook with a solid perspective based on the shifts and transformations in the labour market that has taken place since 2009 in terms of their impact for women, KEİG prepared this report. This report contains an analysis of women’s situation inthe labour market for the relevant period, of the effects of male-dominated labour division for women, an overall critique of the policies on women’s employment and policy recommendations based on a gender equality perspective.
KEİG strives to be active in the monitoring and evaluation of policies in the area of women’s work and employment and to produce policy recommendations that are to be publicised and advocated at both the national and local levels, together with its member organizations. This report, as well, has been written in line with this target and produced together with the 27 women’s organizations forming the KEİG platform and working in the area of women’s
We are thankful to all the women who have contributed to the preparation of this report on behalf of the KEİG Platform.
* No part of this report may be used without citing the source.